Crosscultural adaptation
AO Foundation

GOLDHAHN has many years of experience in adapting and validating patient questionnaires for other languages and cultures. We have completed several projects with the AO Foundation and have validated questionnaires in German, Japanese and Spanish.

Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Validation of the Lower Extremity Measure into German

Reliability, validity and responsiveness of the Spanish Manchester-Oxford Foot Questionnaire in patients with foot or ankle injury

Responsiveness of the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome
Score and the Oxford Knee Score in Japanese patients